Drug Rehabs - Cocaine and Crack Cocaine Addiction
Drug Rehabs - Cocaine and Crack Cocaine
Cocaine and crack cocaine continue to be the most frequently mentioned illicit substance in U.S. emergency departments (ED), present in 30% of ED drug episodes during 2001. From 2000 to 2001, the number of ED cocaine mentions increased ten percent from 174,881 in 2000 to 193,034 in 2001.
The term ‘Crack’ is the street name given to cocaine that has been processed from cocaine hydrochloride to a free base for smoking. Crack cocaine looks like white to tan pellets or chunks that resemble rock salt or soap. Rather than requiring the more volatile method of processing cocaine using ether, crack cocaine is processed with ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and water and heated to remove the hydrochloride, thus producing a form of cocaine that can be smoked. The term ‘crack’ refers to the crackling sound heard when the mixture is smoked
1 out of 4 Americans between the age of 26 and 34 has used cocaine in their lifetime.
Cocaine is the second most commonly used illicit drug (following marijuana) in the United States. More than 34 million Americans (14.7%) age 12 or older have used cocaine at least once in their lifetime.
Cocaine is a $35 billion illicit industry now exceeding Columbia’s top export, coffee.
According to a 1985 report by the Minnesota Institute for Public Health and drug prevention resource center, 5,000 adults in the United States try cocaine for the first time each day.
Of high school seniors in 2001, 8.2% reported having used cocaine.
From 1997 to 2000 cocaine was the most common drug reported in emergency room episodes.
Cocaine use among men is almost twice that of women. Based upon additional data sources, the office of National Drug Control Policy estimates the number of chronic cocaine users at 3.6 million.
Adults 18 to 25 years of age currently have the highest percentage of cocaine use than any other age group.
In 1988, about 300,000 infants were born addicted to cocaine.
The annual number of new cocaine users has generally increased over time. In 1975 there were 30,000 new users. The number increased from 300,000 in 1986 to 361,000 in 2000.
Rates of cocaine use by college students over the previous 5 years have varied between 2.0% of all students in 1994 to 4.8% in 2000.
The risks associated with cocaine use are great whether the drug is ingested by snorting, injecting, or smoking. Excessive doses of cocaine may lead to seizures and death from respiratory failure, stroke, cerebral hemorrhage (bleeding into the brain), or heart failure.
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